Menschenretter 1945 Opfer im Wallenberg Mordprozess 1953 Gerechter 2012

03-02-2013, by Tamás Szabó,

Menschenretter 1945 Opfer im Wallenberg Mordprozess 1953 Gerechter 2012

A WWII survivor recognizes herself on the new Raoul Wallenberg stamp

31-01-2013, ed. National Post

Ann Weiszmann has a fascination for Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat credited with saving tens of thousands of Jewish lives in Nazi-occupied Hungary by issuing them bogus Swedish identity papers, or “shutz-passes.”

Ms. Weiszmann’s interest in the man is understandable: Without Mr. Wallenberg there would be no Ann Weiszmann. She is the daughter of Wallenberg Jews and a consumer of all things — academic talks, articles, books and movies — related to the Holocaust hero.

And so it was on a recent evening in Toronto that she attended the screening of a film dedicated to the great man during World War II, at the conclusion of which event organizers informed the audience that Canada Post had issued a Raoul Wallenberg commemorative stamp on Jan. 17.

Ms.Weiszmann rushed out to buy a couple booklets, tossed them in her purse, pulled them out later to take a closer look and practically fainted. The stamp features Mr. Wallenberg and a shutz pass, and not just any shutz pass, but one belonging to Judith Kopstein — age 14 in 1944 and age 83 now — and, more importantly, Ann Weiszmann’s mother.

“I couldn’t believe it,” she says.

Read more about Judith Kopstein

The Constitutional Court banned the late state secrets

20-01-2013, by Анна Пушкарская, Санкт-Петербург, ed. Kommersant.ru

FSB and the Supreme Court ignored the order of their declassification 

(Google traduction)
The Constitutional Court (CC) has published a decision on the appeal of the historian Nikita Petrov, which should ensure the access of citizens to the most socially important papers, but secrecy for more than 30 years ago. According to the law « On State Secrets » longer term storage of secrets is possible only in exceptional cases. FSB and the Supreme Court (SC) considered this rule inactive until 2023, on the grounds that the law came into force on 21 September 1993. However, the COP confirmed that a state secret Soviet archives term classification mainly has expired.

Deputy Chairman of the Scientific Information and Educational Center « Memorial » Nikita Petrov turned to the Constitutional Court in the spring of last year, after he was refused a familiarization with the three orders of the MGB to conduct research on the activities of the Commissioner of the NKVD-MGB in Germany in the years 1945-1953. During the proceedings in which the historian asked to recognize the refusal of the FSB and its interesting to oblige declassify documents that supported the agency Moscow City Court and the Supreme Court ignored the art. 13 of the Law « On State Secrets », according to which the period of classification shall not exceed 30 years. This period may be extended only in exceptional cases, and not by the agency to classify the document, and the Interdepartmental Commission for the protection of state secrets, led by presidential adviser Sergei Grigorov, activities led by Vladimir Putin himself. FSB so the committee at the time of the delay requested archive did not have orders, but 30-year term of classification has long expired. Thus, according to the applicant, the legal grounds for refusing to declassify the documents were missing.

However, the courts of general jurisdiction have agreed with departments and archives, who believe that the time limit is not applicable in general to archival material classified up to September 21, 1993 – the date of entry into force of the law « On State Secrets ». Practically, this means that the rate of mass lost relevance declassification of secrets will be put into practice until 2023, and the document of the USSR and the first three years of post-Soviet Russia deadline scramble absent. This approach makes it inaccessible to the vast amount of research archives of the Soviet period.

Referring to the Constitutional Court, Mr Petrov asked to recognize applied in his case interpretation of the law « On State Secrets » and based on it the practice of courts and agencies unconstitutional. The complaint in this case and sent to the European Court of Human Rights.

COP eventually took legal position, the opposite conclusion Sun In determining the COP stated that « the literal meaning of » contested rules 30-year classification shall apply in respect of information classified as a state secret, « both before and after the entry into force » of the law « On State Secrets ». However, to assess the constitutionality of the law of the Supreme Court, which in recent years has led to a direct confrontation of positions higher courts, the Constitutional Court, this time refused, saying that such a test « according to the actual circumstances of the case to the competence of the COP is. »Moreover, « in itself, this rule seeks to maintain a balance between the security of the state and the right of citizens to be informed and not be seen as violating the rights of the applicant in this case. »

Representing the interests of the applicant’s freedom of information specialists of the Fund intend to seek review of decisions of courts of general jurisdiction based on the position of the COP. According to a senior lawyer Daria Dry Fund, the scale of the problems show precedents of requests not only for researchers, but also citizens who FSB refused to become familiar with the affairs of the repressed in the Soviet era relatives. « It turns out that all of these documents may be stored in a secret forever, until the agency itself is not deemed necessary to declassify them. Check his conclusions impossible – to conduct an alternative examination by having access to state secrets experts court refused us, » – said Ms. Dry.

Despite the failure of the COP in the hearing, the head of the Freedom of Information Foundation lawyer Ivan Pavlov satisfied with the result. « Court decision will help achieve public interest declassification of documents. Still maximum security classification was not respected everywhere. Now it is possible to oppose the position of the COP, – said » Y « lawyer. – Our Secret Keeper can think of and even some reason, just to all keep a secret storage. But today their arsenal decreased.  »
See more in russia>kommersant.ru 

Nikita Petrov has been active in the research for Raoul Wallenberg see more>

Canada honors Raoul Wallenberg with a postage stamp

20-01-2013,
Raoul Wallenberg Canadian stamp

A new Canadian Raoul Wallenberg stamp has been delivered with a 1944  Raoul Wallenberg passport photo. The stamp includes an image from the Schutz-Pass, a protective pass, which Raoul Wallenberg handed out to people in the Jewish communit.

Steven Fletcher Canadian Minister of Transport said « I am pleased to inform the House that Raoul Wallenberg’s legacy will be honoured by Canada Post with a Raoul Wallenberg commemorative stamp.

Our government is proud to honour Canada’s first honorary citizen on the 100th year of his birth. The sacrifices he made to save tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews during the Second World War will always be remembered. »

Urgent appeal for direct access to essential russian archives

18-01-2013, by Marta S. Halpert, ed. Politik wissenschaftliche tagung

Halpert reports from the Raoul Wallenberg conference co-sponsored by the Diplomatische Akademie, Wien, the Ludwig Boltzmann Institut, Graz as well as the Embassies of Sweden, Israel and Hungary, November 14, 2012. She reports of the urgent appeals by several conference participants to Russian archivists to  finally grant  direct access to essential archives and analyzes the remarks by Hungarian historian Maria Schmidt about the experience of Hungarian Jews during the Holocaust.

More in german > Gut verpackte Judenschelte

The story of Raoul Wallenberg

03-01-2013, by Sandra Boland, ed. Irish Association of Social Worker

The story of Raoul Wallenberg-Eternal Lessons and Inspiration for the Profession of Social Work

The Holocaust was an exception in history, a systematic plan to eradicate an entire people, the Jewish people. The Jewish people were the prime victims of the nazi regime. In 1933 nine million Jews lived in the 21 European countries which would be occupied by Germany during the Second World War. By 1945 two out of every three Europeen Jews had been killed. But Jews were not the only victims. There were more than 11 million victims in total, 6 million Jews and more than 5 million additional victims, targeted because of nationality, ethnicity, religious beliefs, political affiliations, disability or sexual orientation.

More than any other individual Raoul Wallenberg would stem the tide of horror… Read more>